Tuesday, January 14, 2020

Classical Music and Jazz Music Essay

Music has always been an important element for the humanity. Exist many different kinds of music. For purpose of this paper I’m going to compare classical music with jazz music. This two types of music belong to the category of complex art music. A comparison of classical and jazz music yield some similarities and different and could also lead to an appreciation of this two important category of music. The music called classical, was found in stores and performed regularly by symphonies around the world, in the time of 1600 up to the present. Unlike jazz was found in the early 1900 as some dance band leaders in the southern U.S. began playing this type of music that combined ragtime and blues. Most of the major composer of the classical music until the 20th century were Europeans and the jazz was exposed first by two musicians. Both type of music were know on different parts of Europe. In classical music, both large orchestras and small ensemble are used. The largest part of the orchestra consist of the string section consisting of violins, violas, cellos, string basses and wind instruments. On the other hand jazz music can be played by small group of people. In jazz they use different instruments like clarinet, tuba, cornet, baritone, drums and piano. Similarly to classical music, jazz used some wind instruments. In addition we have a different of audience of this two kind of music. The jazz music attracts an really cultural and hip audience. This is because jazz concerts usually are in opens spaces around the world and in night clubs and you don’t need to pay a ticket to go and appreciate the music. Unlike classical music attracts more elite and rich people. This is because the concerts of classical music are on different amphitheaters and closed spaces and you need to pay for a expensive ticket. To conclude, we can say that this to types of music have their unique style, but both of them represents two approaches to Art Music. This two types of music are important and carry a great and special history. Also this to type of music, allow people to relax while hearing this music. If I need to pick between this two types of music, I prefer the jazz music because is more accessibly for us and it’s transmit more emotions.

Sunday, December 29, 2019

The Changing Field of Military Mechanical Autonomy

INTRODUCTION: One of the extraordinary conundrums of war and engineering is the odd reality that there is no such thing as a changeless first-mover advantage. Commodore was an early pioneer in Pcs, creating and promoting the worlds smash hit desktop PC, the Commodore 64; it went bankrupt in 1994. The Ottoman Turks were the first to effectively ace the utilization of explosive in liquid fight arrangements, turning into an effective realm that crossed three landmasses; before long, their armed forces were directed. Today, the U.S military may be grappling with a comparative test. In the bureaucratic squint of an eye, its turned into an overwhelming power in the conceivably diversion changing field of military mechanical autonomy. The point when the U.S military went into Iraq in 2003, it utilized just a handful of unmanned frameworks circulating everywhere, none of them outfitted. On the ground, the attack energy utilized zero unmanned ground vehicles. Today, we have over 7000 unmanned flying frameworks in our stock 48-foot-long Predators, micro-airborne vehicles that a solitary officer can convey in his rucksack, and additionally lawnmower-size Packbots on the ground and Talons that help discover and defuse lethal roadside shells. Such war bots may be a piece of an imperative defining moment ever. Researchers depict unmanned frameworks today as being the place the horseless carriage was over at the turn of the most recent century. Head James A. Roy, the leader of the AirShow MoreRelatedMotivators and Hygiene1608 Words   |  7 Pagesin the decision making process at some level. The supportive leader shows a lot of concern for their subordinates’ psychological well-being. In my experience, I show this type of leadership when dealing with the kids in my school. While in the military, I was not as much of a supportive leader as I am now, but like the theory says we must adjust our style with the circumstances. I chose to write part of my final on the subject of motivation because during the course I read a book namedRead MorePeter Drucker s An Influential Figures Within Organizational Management2378 Words   |  10 Pagesstop there. â€Å"Just as mechanical muscles made human labour less in demand, so are the mechanical minds making human brain labour less in demand† (Grey, 2014) is a statement that recognizes that improved artificial intelligence technologies are surpassing the human mind in many occupations that have up until now where thought of being irreplaceable by technology. 3- Organisations at the present time are instilling a sense of ownership in their employees and giving them more autonomy in their role. TrainingRead MoreRock N Hip, Hop N Roll, and the Integration of Music in Popular Culture2384 Words   |  10 Pagesbillboards of 2010, the general public now prefers the mechanical sounds of hip hop and pop. So which trends in music and in thought made the rebellious rock ‘n’ roll such a craze in the 1950’s, but not now? Each era has had specific trends, schools of thought and attitudes that have veered them into a specific genre of music. Rockin’ Out Before 1950, the American culture held firm social expectations. Males were expected to enroll into the military or work, and women were expected to stay in the kitchenRead MoreThe Revolution From Above By Reza Shah1955 Words   |  8 Pageswere actually part of Iran, the greater nation. They were loyal to the Khans, the leaders of the tribe. They collected taxes, established civil and criminal courts. The tribes were like a government inside a government. (Reference 11)Therefore, the autonomy of the tribes was preventing Iran from achieving nationalism. 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Many later writersRead MoreManagement History Essay10156 Words   |  41 Pagesdictated that all business activity was subservient to the needs of the nation. The state therefore intervened in all economic affairs and regulated private economic activity to a large degree. Under these conditions, the political, religious, and military leaders of the time were more concerned with commanding than with managing. Nicolo Machiavellis book, The Prince, was written in 1513 as an exposition on how to rule successfully by gaining and holding power. His comments on the nature of peopleRead MoreOrganization Management Theories4577 Words   |  19 Pagesinterrelationship with the environment in which they operate. It complements the studies of leadership, organizational behavior, management, industrial and organizational psychology, organization development and human resource studies among many other fields and professions. 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Saturday, December 21, 2019

The Problem Of Self Defense - 1665 Words

Every time one turns on the television to the news channel, they are reminded of some of the harsh realities that are faced in the world on a daily basis. The questions of what can be done arise. How can a possible solution be reached to decrease crime rates? Well, in order to eliminate as much crime as possible, it should be divided into categories so that the focus is placed on one type of crime at a time. For instance, crimes that can be prevented by the victims through self-defense can be examined. What is self-defense and how can it be used to decrease crime rates? Self-defense is the defense of one’s person through the use of force, in response to a violent crime. Self-defense should be a skill that all people should be able to†¦show more content†¦The focus of learning in core classes will decrease and the intended purpose for school will be distorted. Teacher will not be able to effectively utilize their time teaching, and will instead have to break up fights and prevent the remaining student from becoming involved and prevent them from losing focus from the lessons learned in class. Although the opposition makes valid points, it should be noted that self-defense programs will be taught in a controlled environment. Ryan Hall, a martial arts instructor, states that self -defense is taught through, â€Å"controlled violence and skill[ed] martial arts† (Grant 1). There will be professional instructors teaching the techniques with other adult supervision. A safety briefing will be included in the lesson to prevent the students from practicing self-defense improperly or irresponsibly. Through self-defense â€Å"students demonstrate and develop respect towards instructors and classmates as well as improve in collaboration with regular schoolwork† (Sethna 1). Studies have shown that self-defense is an outstanding method for teaching discipline and improving focus. It relaxes the minds of the students and not only helps them to foc us on their personal mind and body connection, but it also helps them to focus on what is being taught in class. When practiced for a longer duration of time, it can help students with becoming self-motivated to complete tasks, among these tasks is homework. A warning will be issued to students toShow MoreRelatedSexual Assault Awareness On College Campuses1607 Words   |  7 Pagessociety acknowledging the criminal act of rape as seriously as it should. The after effects of rape are incomprehensible and the scars will be there throughout one s lifetime. All college women should be required to take a self-defense class their freshmen year. By learning self-defense the women could defend themselves against a sexual threat, therefore the amount of sexual assault cases will decrease. 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Friday, December 13, 2019

How Does Mill’s Principle of Liberty Contribute to Progress Free Essays

The concept of liberty seems to have been consistently analysed and re-structured throughout history by ambitious philosophers keen on creating a ‘better world’. John Stuart Mill, a British philosopher of the XIX century, is not an exception from this trend. With his thought-provoking work â€Å"On Liberty†, he sets a basis for what he believes will lead to the development of the human being and contribute to its progress. We will write a custom essay sample on How Does Mill’s Principle of Liberty Contribute to Progress? or any similar topic only for you Order Now This gives way to his Principle of Liberty, which illustrates that only a free person, and by default also the society, has the opportunity for growth through searching the truth by questioning and debating. It may be agreed upon that a strong barrier to any form of progress is the avoidance or omission of the truth. Mill goes even further and argues that an opinion may be wholly true, wholly false, or partially true, and all three benefit the common good. The only way to attain this truth is through discussion, as â€Å"If all mankind minus one, were of on opinion, and only one person were of the contrary opinion, mankind would be no more justified in silencing that one person, than he, if he had the power, would be justified in silencing mankind. This quote is a prominent example of the importance of seeking the truth through thought and expression, and is one of the factors contributing to individual liberty. The world a human being grows up in shapes his opinions, and while this is acceptable for initial formations of thought and awareness, Mill argues it is dangerous to rely only on it and not reflect on other ‘worlds’. Not only would such an attitude impair the total formation of one’s mental capabilities and capacity, it would also lead to seeing yourself as infallible. After all, if a person surrounds himself with people of the same convictions as him, then it is plausible to presume that he will believe many things as issues that are no longer doubtful. This in turn results in the line between opinion and fact getting blurred due to the inexistence of debate, causing many future errors which could have been omitted otherwise. â€Å"The suppression of opinion based on belief in infallible doctrines is dangerous†, whereas any silencing of discussion is, according to Mill, an assumption of infallibility. Treating truth as a relative concept by refusing to hear what one considers a ‘false’ opinion is â€Å"assuming that their certainty is the same things as absolute certainty†. Humans should keep their mind open to criticism of their belief and listen to a variety of views on it in order to understand it and be able to defend against it. A clash of conflicting opinions enables us to find ‘fuller’ truths. The only way we may know if a belief is true or not is to challenge it. If a doctrine â€Å"is not fully, frequently and fearlessly discussed, it will be held as a dead dogma, not a living truth†. Mill seeks to point out this fundamental issue which, due to its simplicity and obviousness, is often underrated. â€Å"No wise man ever acquired his wisdom in any mode but this; nor is it in the nature of human intellect to become wise in any other manner†. Of course, a major problem in attaining the truth is that it may remain in â€Å"narrow circles of thinking and studious persons among whom they originate, without ever lighting up the general affairs of mankind with either a true or deceptive light†. This is precisely what Mill wants to avoid. Moreover, he wants to advance the discussion to a higher level of clarity without an individual’s actions and beliefs being restricted by bonds of custom and conformity. He notes that the most venerable beliefs arise from a person’s own critical assessments and reasoning. The Principle of Liberty illustrates his argument that freedom is indispensable to originality of character as it is the means by which a person can develop as an individual. And, Mill claims, â€Å"The free development of individuality is one of the leading essentials of well-being†. This line of reasoning leads us to an important aspect of Mill’s Principle, i. e. how it contributes to individual and, in the long run, social progress. We have already established that seeking the truth provokes the mental development of an individual. The cultivation of individuality will result in human happiness as it requires making choices that one thinks is most beneficial to their life. â€Å"First, Mill argues, even though people do make mistakes, individuals are still more likely to be right about what would make them happy than anyone else. It is essential to help one another distinguish between worthy and unworthy pursuits through persuasive argument and use of liberty in a sensible way to fully develop as free individuals. † A second reason for liberty is that it will not only lead to better decisions in the long run, but also that the exercise of freedom of choice is itself vital to the full development of human nature. Those who are slave to customs, Mil l suggest, will never develop into rounded, flourishing individuals; not necessarily because they will be nhappy, but because they will fail to develop one of their most distinctively human capacities, the capacity for choice. † Consequently, one can argue that since individuality is a positive thing, it is necessary to build social institutions that contribute to that individuality. A functioning society whereby individuals are able to learn from others’ ‘experiments of living’ is, according to Mill, human progress at its best. â€Å"Liberty is vital as a condition of experimentation† , for without it peoples’ rational would not be used and thus would not develop. When a person becomes more valuable to himself, he immediately becomes more valuable to society. It is necessary, however, to stress the limit of liberty, also known as the Harm Principle. As long as one person’s actions do not harm the interests of another, society should not interfere. Mill identifies ‘the permanent interests of man as a progressive being’ as his interests in autonomy and in security. Furthermore, when a human being does not intrude on another person’s freedom, that person can develop accordingly, and incidentally become a role model showing others how (not) to live. This is how the â€Å"less creative† individuals of society can make informed decisions on leading their own lives, i. e. learning from experimenting, which is â€Å"quite the chief ingredient of individual and social progress†. Nevertheless, critics of Mill’s Principle are quick to notice that his ideas rest on the optimistic outlook that human beings are capable of learning from experience, indeed, that they even want to do it. Yet as history shows, humankind is consistent in failing to learn from mistakes. â€Å"Progress is the cornerstone of Mill’s doctrine† , yet if humans are not prepared to learn, how do they differ from ‘children and barbarians’? Liberty is a means to progress; incapable of free speech and debate, children and barbarians do not benefit from liberty and hence it does not apply to them. Thus we may assume that a certain attitude towards life is needed for Mill’s Principle to succeed, that is to say it strongly relies on humans having the capacity of making moral progress. He believes this can be trained by society in the early stages of human life. It is throughout childhood when society has the biggest influence over a person, when it should strive to embed values it hopes to see materialize in adulthood. The knowledge a child accumulates should then be left free to be interpreted in any way the adult sees fit after reaching maturity. After all, non scholae, sed vitae discimus. Moreover, â€Å"if the person fails to accept those values, or remains immature, it is society’s own fault†. Precisely this point has been the target of much criticism, seen as the crux of Mill’s idealistic vision for an improbable future that goes against human nature. For if everyone remained ‘immature’, then how is liberty to contribute to individual and social progress? If this were the case, the entire ideology would be abolished in an instant and in lieu of it in modern times, other beliefs would dominate. Yet liberty continues to be epitomized as the best answer to a free, happy society. As previously stated, ‘bonds of conformity’ are considered by Mill to be a restraint on liberty. The reason behind this is twofold. First of all, relying only on traditions and treating them as your moral guide by which you live your life, a form of dogma which one accepts without question, hinders your decision-making abilities. Mill places great emphasis on the importance of choice. By narrowing someone’s choices and making them complaint to a certain lifestyle, you take away their freedom. Secondly, such forced conformity denies the existence of diversity. This is a key factor in human development, for by â€Å"seeing people’s dissimilarities (†¦) one learns about one’s own weakness†. Mill is eager to draw attention to the potential opportunities that arise with this, for example, by improving oneself: you have the freedom to make mistakes, assert falsehood, and interpret the experience as you see fit. Whatever conclusion one comes to is still a form of human progress, but this is only possible thanks to an open culture. This stance is severely criticized by communitarians, who see Mill is an iconoclast. They argue that we are too interconnected to simply untie society’s ‘bonds’, and nor is there any reason why we would want to- after all, humans are social creatures and individual separation is not the key to freedom. A counter-argument to this may be that culture is an evolving process as well, and rapid cultural transgressions do occur frequently, especially in terms of technological and scientific progress. Of course, some morals are static and universal, but if we were to perpetually follow a form of customs of society, we would remain immobile. What is more, there is a lack of consistency in communitarians’ perception of freedom, simply because they do not considerate the full extent of how subjective traditions tend to be. What is customary for one person may not be for another, and enforcing one’s traditions onto another human being, especially if it is done by society, truly harms the minority. Such a repressive form of society is deemed by Mill as a regression of individual progress, a halt to â€Å"create the ultimate good in the future, human progress†. The above mentioned arguments illustrate clearly why Mill was so keen on defending the concept of liberty, what he considers the only way in which progress can be enforced without impinging on others’ freedom. It is, he argues, the fundamental human right. â€Å"The sole end,† Mill states, â€Å"for which mankind are warranted, individually or collectively†¦ in interfering with the liberty of action of any of their number, is self-protection†. Wolff comments on this by saying that â€Å"this will enable each to seek his or her own best; it will liberate a diversity of interests to the benefit of the individual and of all; and it will nurture moral freedom and rationality. With the latter comes creativity and the means of social and intellectual progress. † Such liberty contributing to progress is more so beneficial due to what it entails, i. e. the individual’s freedom of thought and discussion. Mill protests against any stifling of opinion, for even if it were false, we would not recognize its wrongness without contrasting it with the truth. One will never reach the highest levels of self-development without debate and constant awareness of one’s fallibility. Critical assessments of beliefs and opinions are necessary, and only when they â€Å"survive the struggle as it were in the â€Å"marketplace of ideas†, then, and only then, will one be entitled to accept them as justified† . Even then, however, we may be in the wrong. As history has showed us, men who we see now as ‘evil’ and ‘immoral’ were not in their time, as they were acting accordingly to the rules of the society they were brought up in. Thus the debate must be on-going and never lead to a â€Å"deep slumber of a decided opinion†. Furthermore, â€Å"mere shock to tender sensibilities can never be weighty enough harm to counterbalance the case for free expression of opinion. † Nevertheless, it is imperative to keep in mind the statements that Mill is being too optimistic and naive. After all, his whole Principle balances on the assumption that human beings are capable of progress. Even if we concede to that, Mill’s Principle still put forward an essential aspect of human growth. How? Let us look at a quote by George Bernard Shaw: â€Å"progress is impossible without change, and those who cannot change their minds cannot change anything†. The importance of free speech and debate reverberates throughout the whole of â€Å"On Liberty†. Mill is always eager to encourage seeking the truth; his Harm Principle states that we cannot harm others’ interests, yet he does not rule out persuasion. Through persuasive arguments and by taking advantage of our freedom in intelligent ways, we develop both ourselves and those we come in contact with and pave the way for progress. Bibliography 1. Bartleby Editors . (2012). On Liberty. Available: . Last accessed 15th Dec 2012. 2. Feinberg, Joel (1980). Rights, Justice, and the Bounds of Liberty. Essays in Social Philosophy. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 3. Gray, J (1996). Mill on Liberty: A Defense. London: Routledge. Chapter 3. 4. Honderich, Ted. (2005). John Stuart Mill’s On Liberty, and a Question about Liberalism. Available: . Last accessed 15th Dec 2012. 5. Lacewing, Michael. (2012). Mill on Liberty. Routledge: Taylor and Francis Group. Available: . Last accessed 15th Dec 2012. 6. Mill, John Stuart (2001). On Liberty. Kitchener: Batoche Books. 7. Sparknotes Editors. (2012). On Liberty. Available: . Last accessed 15th Dec 2012. 8. Wilson, Fred. (2007). John Stuart Mill. Available: Last accessed 15th Dec 2012. Chapter 4. How to cite How Does Mill’s Principle of Liberty Contribute to Progress?, Essay examples